Pasos y Requisitos para Donar Sangre en Perú
Every day, many people need blood. Both pregnant women with bleeding during childbirth, victims of traffic accidents, cancer patients, hemophiliacs, etc.
The lack of blood puts us at serious risk in the face of catastrophes and emergencies. Therefore, with your voluntary and supportive donation, many lives can be saved. Follow all the steps and gather the Requirements for donating blood in Peru.
YOU MUST TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THAT:
- When donating blood, you must complete a questionnaire related to your health. Likewise, pass a medical exam and measure your hemoglobin.
- You should drink fluids and rest after donating blood, which will allow you to replenish your blood volume.
- Men can donate every 3 months and women every 4 months.
Yet, being a donor means that we want and can help so that someone’s life is recovered or saved. Say «yes» to donate blood makes us altruistic people; It is an easy, quick and voluntary act that can be performed anywhere in the world.
Blood donation requirements
I want to donate blood, but I don’t know what I need. How can I do it? What are the conditions for donating blood?
There are not many requirements for donating blood, the truth can be made by anyone, just you should consider certain points:
- Ages must be between 18 and 55 years old.
- You must be in good general health.
- They have a minimum weight of 50 kilos.
- If you donated before, between donation and donation there must be a minimum of 3 months for men and 4 months for women.
- Have eaten food in the 6 hours prior to blood donation.
- Not being pregnant
Documentation needed to donate blood
Don’t worry donate blood does not require many documents. In fact, your identification is sufficient.
The donor card is not required. Just present your identity card and you are ready to proceed with the blood donation.
Where to go to donate blood?
Go to one of the many blood banks found in hospitals or voluntary blood donation campaigns organized by the Peruvian Ministry of Health.
This reading can be very useful: «Procedures and Requirements for the Health Card in Peru».
- You must undergo a general medical examination of vital signs: pulse, blood pressure, hemoglobin.
- You have to answer a questionnaire related to your health, to preserve the safety of the transfusion.
It is very important that you respond with honesty and responsibility. If you hide information or lead a promiscuous life, it is important that you exclude yourself from blood donation after passing the questionnaire, for the patient’s sake.
- You must complete the forms issued by each of the responsible centers and indicate that you are eligible to be a donor.
The forms must be completed after a series of medical tests with positive results.
ANDThe same health center performs the tests and in case of change in any way, they will privately and immediately inform the result.
Then, you will go to the extraction area and they will lay you on an armchair.
The extraction process will take about 10 minutes.
After taking the blood sample You will be offered fluid to replenish the blood volume.
Why do you give me a liquid?
So you don’t get dizzy or pass out. As the bone marrow is constantly producing red blood cells, white blood cells (leukocytes) and platelets for the body, the blood volume will recover very soon. It is also important that you do not make any physical effort that day.
The donated blood will always be tested for: HIV, Hepatitis B and C, Chagas disease, Syphilis, HTLV.
Finally, in your registration will be «Voluntary Donor» and when collecting 4 donations will be granted the “Volunteer Donor” card.
The blood that is donated it’s a very low amount compared to the total volume that circulates through our body.
Furthermore, since blood is something that is constantly being produced and renewed, the amount taken would be a just under half a liter, that is, about 450 ml, and is recovered after a few days.
How often can blood be donated?
Men can donate every 3 months and women every 4 months.
Who can’t donate blood?
Can people with tattoos donate blood? Can anemic people donate blood?
Those people who they cannot donate blood They are:
- Diabetic and hypertensive people who are not in good health or have no medical treatment.
- Disease carriers. HIV, Hepatitis B, C, Syphilis, Chagas, HTLV or other infection that can be transmitted by blood.
- People who had hepatitis after the age of 12.
- Affected by heart, kidney or neurological problems. Epilepsy, respiratory or haematological problems.
- People under the influence of alcohol.
- People with risky behaviors, such as using intravenous drugs or having sex with more than one partner.
Blood donation benefits
Most people donate blood because they want to help others.
In addition to the satisfaction you get from donating blood, it also brings other benefits you probably didn’t know about.
- Donate blood improves donor health, can help rejuvenate the body.
- Extract a unit, which is 450 milliliters, makes the body regenerate with fresh new blood.
- Balance your iron levels. A healthy person has about 5 grams of iron in their body and when donating blood, they lose a little. This loss is replaced days later by food, regulating itself in a natural way.
- Blood flows better. At the time of donation, blood flows less adversely to blood vessels. What you mean? less arterial obstruction and less risk of heart attack and stroke.
- Medical review. All donors undergo small tests before donation to check their blood pressure, pulse, hemoglobin levels and temperature, along with tests for 13 infectious diseases.
- You prolong your life. People who donate unselfishly have a lower risk of dying than those who are «obliged».
What to do before and after donating blood?
- Before donating you must prepare and moisturize well. If you are afraid of needles, you must realize that it will not hurt and you do it with a purpose: to help someone.
- Eat iron-rich foods so that you do not suffer any discomfort after blood is drawn.
- After donating you must rest 15 minutes on the stretcher or place where the blood was collected.
- So recommended make a small snack It consists of water, fruit juices and some solid foods, which helps to recover the volume of the extracted blood.
Don’t worry, you’ll finally be able to do your daily activities normally.
Break the most frequent myths and donate
Do not. The amount of blood removed is replenished in a few hours if you drink fluids and rest.
Donors won’t get AIDS, or any other blood infection. All the material used in the collection is sterile and disposable.
- They never told me to donate
Consider yourself a guest To do this. Your blood is the most precious gift you can offer. It can mean life itself for a sick child, victim of an accident or someone in need.
- Is it necessary to be fasting?
Not, in fact, it is an essential requirement that you have eaten within 6 hours prior to donation.
- Am I too old to donate?
Donor age is 18 to 55 years and if you are in good health you can continue donating, with the express authorization of the doctor responsible for the center.
- I’m an athlete, can I donate?
Of course, as long as you are healthy and in the best condition to donate blood. Your athletic performance will not be affected, but you will certainly help someone in need.
Donating is a process that has been around for a long time, is thinking not to harm the donor.
Therefore, before donating, a brief evaluation of the donor is made, precisely to discard anything that may impact the person.
Neither the amount of blood drawn nor the material used, does the donation represent a risk to the donor.
- Is selling blood in Peru an illegal act?
Many people are victims of blows of the supposed blood sellers.
You should keep in mind that this business it is inappropriate and completely illegal; people involved in this can offer a certain amount of blood without meeting the requirements of the Ministry of Health.
According to the Lima Law, donating blood is a totally free and voluntary nonprofit act.
You may be interested in our article on: What are the requirements for the SIS?
So don’t worry, nothing bad is going to happen to you. Donate blood and help someone, share all the love that runs through your veins. Evaluate the steps and Requirements for donating blood in Peru and you will be prepared to collaborate with those who need it most.
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