Pasos y Requisitos para DPI en Guatemala
The Personal Identification Document (DPI) is that document that allows Guatemalan citizens to identify themselves to exercise the right to vote; Being a public, personal, non-transferable and official document, all Guatemalan citizens and foreigners domiciled, registered with RENAP, will have the right to request and obtain IPRs.
In turn, it is the only document for all civil, administrative and legal acts and, in general, for all cases where it is required by law. The requirements for IPR are detailed below.
Why was the DIP created?
The Personal Identification Document (DPI) was created due to the need to have legal rules that regulate issues related to personal documentation, in order to adapt it to technological advances.
An example of this is the innovation of the neighborhood identity card, created in 1931 and from which, until now, there are no controls on its issuance, which facilitates its falsification and is easily deteriorated, unlike DPI.
The Vecindad Bank Note was created in 1931 and was in force for 82 years. It was on August 24, 2013 when the DPI came into force as the document to officially identify Guatemalans.
Currently, there are three types of Personal Identification Document (DPI), which are mentioned below:
- Guatemalan personal identification document (DPI).
- Personal identification document (DPI) of domiciled foreigners.
- Personal identification document (DPI) for minors.
In all cases, a Unique Identification Code (CUI) is designated, which will remain unchanged until the death of the individual, as the sole reference for identification.
DPI security features
- Contact chip: has the ability to store information such as general and personal data, among other applications.
- Structure of the Unique Identification Code (CUI): contains 13 digits that determine the municipality and birth department.
- Rainbow Printing: It is a technique of 2 or 4 colors of ink printed simultaneously on the entire surface of the card, efficient protection against photocopying and high resolution scanning.
- Guilloche pattern: has interwoven lines forming an image that can only be recreated with software equipment and parameters used in creating the original design.
- Numismatic background – Forms several wavy lines interlaced on a uniform background.
- Fading pattern that overlaps the edge of the photo.
- Variable optical ink: with a color change effect depending on the viewing angle or lighting.
- Optically variable device: what are 2D or 3D images with changes in shapes or colors.
- Ghost image – a secondary photo of the card holder in faded colors next to the main photo.
- Changeable laser image: information combined into a single laser engraving structure. Each feature appears alternately by tilting the card from left to right.
- Microprint: small text that can only be read with magnifying glasses. It is impossible to reproduce this feature with standard printing techniques.
- Deliberate errors: printing errors and special fonts.
- Invisible UV ink: Ink visible only when exposed to UV light.
- Custom textured background: This is a touch-sensitive print.
- Mechanical Reading Area: writing code used by passports and identification documents.
- Proof of payment corresponding to the type of request.
- Original and photocopy of the registration certification.
- Original and photocopy of the Ornato Ticket.
When should the IPR be processed?
All Guatemalan citizens and foreigners domiciled over the age of 18 are obliged to obtain this document after reaching that age, in accordance with Article 50 of Decree 90-2005 of the Congress of the Republic of Guatemala.
The cost of the Personal Identification Document (DPI) for the first issue, as well as to stop the replacement due to theft or loss is Q 85.00. It is important to remember that when the request for the Personal Identification Document (DPI) is made electronically, the tariff will be the one fixed for each service, plus twenty-five percent (25%), in accordance with article 4 of the Contract of the National Register of Persons Directory of RENAP.
Steps to obtain DPI
Below are the steps to follow to order the IPR online and receive it at home:
- Access the eportal.renap.gob.gt website and access the «Citizens» tab
- You will have to register in the Register option to use the service.
- After reading and accepting the conditions of use, the form must be completed.
- Then, you must establish a password and then enter your phone number and email.
- All information entered must be verified.
- An account creation confirmation email will be sent.
- Then, you must login with the DPI number and the password set.
How to remove DPI?
First, interested citizens You can pick it up in person at RENAP offices or at the consular offices, registering the delivery of the DPI, as appropriate.
DPI may be withdrawn through a third party, provided you submit any of the following documents:
- Sworn administrative statement made by the recipient of the DPI, attesting that he is authorized by the holder of the DPI for that purpose.
- Written authorization from the holder.
- By mandate legally granted by the IPR holder.
What is RENAP?
The National Registry of Persons RENAP is the entity in charge of organizing and maintaining the registration of unique identification of natural persons in Guatemala; It is also responsible for recording the facts and acts related to marital status, civil capacity and other identification data from birth to death.
It is the body responsible for issuing the Personal Identification Document (DPI), for which, it implements and develops strategies, techniques and automated procedures that allow an integrated and efficient management of information, unifying the procedures for registering them.
The main objective of the National Register of Persons RENAP is to organize and maintain the unique identification register for individuals, as well as record the facts and acts related to marital status, marital capacity and other identification data, from birth to death of the individual.
The headquarters of the National Register of Persons RENAP is located at the following address:
Roosevelt Road 13-46, Zone 7.
Opening hours Monday to Friday from 8 am to 5 pm
To see all RENAP offices across the country, we recommend using the following link: https://www.renap.gob.gt/informacion-publica/direccion-y-telefonos-de-la-entidad-y-sus-dependencias by clicking on the RENAP Office Directory (2018) option.
The National Register of People RENAP also offers offices abroad, which can be validated according to the country of interest through the following link: https://www.renap.gob.gt/sites/default/files/archivos-paginas/info-embajadas-consulado-servicios-renap.pdf
What is the Central Register of Persons?
It is the body in charge of centralizing information related to the facts and acts registered in the Civil Personnel Records, organization and maintenance of the central archive and manages the country’s database.
For this purpose, it prepares and maintains the unique registration of natural persons and the respective attribution of the Unique Identification Code (CUI).
Why do you have DPI?
According to article 50 of Decree 90-2005 of the Congress of the Republic of Guatemala, all Guatemalans and foreigners domiciled over 18 years of age have the right and the obligation to obtain the said document.
Likewise, it establishes that it is the only personal identification document for all civil, administrative and legal acts and, in general, for all cases where identification is required by law.. It is also the document that allows citizens to identify themselves to exercise the right to vote.
Finally, article 52 of the same law establishes that the possession of the document is mandatory, while article 54 establishes that, for the purpose of official identification of individuals, no person, authority or employee may require the presentation of a document other than IPR, which cannot be requested or withheld.
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