Requisitos para donar Médula: Te mostramos todo lo que debes saber
When the time comes to die, it is not fair that we take with us the organs that could be the salvation of a person who still has a long way to go.. You can ask here about all the requirements for donating bone marrow, and discover many more things. Don’t stop reading us!
What is bone marrow
Bone marrow is known as the soft tissue which is found on the inside of certain bones in the human body, such as the iliac crests, which is the croup bone, also in the sternum or in the skull bones. In this marrow, all the cells that make up the blood are produced; new cells tend to group in two ways or rather, in two large groups, such as lymphoids and myeloids.
Who can donate bone marrow
People aged between 18 and 40, who are in good health, have not had HIV, hepatitis or any pathogen that can be contagious, or suffers from a disease that can put the operation at risk.
What are the requirements for donating bone marrow
- Has between 18 and 40 years deity.
- They do not suffer from pulmonary, circulatory, hepatic, renal diseases, which can put the bone marrow transfer at risk.
- Neither had or suffered infections created by HIV virus, hepatitis or any other disease which can pose a risk or can be contagious.
- He does not suffer from glucosuria or unexpected hypertension, nor does he have a platelet count greater than 120,000 ml.
- Accept the provision of basic data, such as your age, telephone, address and a brief medical history.
- Take a blood sample, so you can study the peculiarities of histocompatibility; and that a minimum amount of it is stored in the laboratory, to be able to extend the analysis in the future without having to perform an extraction again if a compatible patient appears.
- Accept that your compatibility and basic data be added to the database of the clinic or hospital where the bone marrow transfer will take place, being incorporated into the World Network of Voluntary Hematopeetic Donor Donors; ensuring that once your data is encrypted, it is fully protected, in accordance with Organic Law 13/1999.
How to donate bone marrow
If you are totally determined to donate bone marrowFind out below how to donate that bone marrow:
Participate in several information reference centers nearby, so that you receive the necessary information and documentation understand everything that involves the transfer of marrow.
In case of doubts after receiving the necessary informationYou can arrange a private interview, at a referral center or by phone.
Before making the donation official, it is extremely important that you read the informed consent carefully and then sign the registration documents in the Spanish Bone Marrow Donor Registry; the signature of a family member or friend should also be appreciated.
As we mentioned earlier, you must undergo a blood sample extraction to perform the compatibility check; In some communities, you can perform a compatibility check by taking saliva to avoid drawing blood.
You can find much more information on the ONT portal, at the next hyperlink.
And in the the Josep Carreras International Foundation, in the hyperlink we attached below: Link
In addition, you can communicate over the phone, with informational phones about the National Bone Marrow Donation Plan: 900 102 688.
Another information phone optionONT is responsible for clarifying the necessary doubts: 91 727 86 99.
What are the restrictions for making a bone marrow donation
Bone marrow donation is restricted to individuals that present or present some specific conditions, such as:
- Cardiovascular, hematological, pulmonary, liver disease or other pathology that can present risks or complications during the transfer.
- Diabetes insulin-dependent mellitus.
- Hypertension uncontrolled circulatory.
- IV drug addiction, AIDS, multiple sex or partner with an individual suffering from these symptoms or addictions.
- Infection with potentially contagious agents, such as the hepatitis B or C virus.
- Were permanently released as a blood donor.
- Get treatment with lithium.
- Have factors or antecedents of risk of pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis.
- Having fibromyalgia or inflammatory eye disease factors, such as iritis, episcleritis.
- Has platelet count, greater than 120,000 ml.
There are other contraindications, which are usually temporary, Which are they:
- Being pregnant or breastfeeding your baby.
- Being under under antiplatelet or anticoagulant treatment, depending on the duration.
It is important to go to a medical appointment before proceeding with formal donor registration, Because there are other processes that can put at risk or hinder bone marrow donation. The pathologies that we will cite below are restricted to bone marrow donation, but not to peripheral blood:
- Viable allergies for narcotics.
- Morbid corpulence.
- Enzymatic deficiencies family.
- Malformations of the spine or neck.
Therefore, it is always recommended that all candidates consult a doctor to consult their specific case, before registering as a donor, because in the case of some pathologies They can proceed with the donation of peripheral blood and not bone marrow and vice versa.
There are two ways to carry out the intervention
- Bone Marrow: To perform this method, anesthesia is required, may be epidural or general; They will have to stay in the hospital for at least 24 hours, as this is the most aggressive method. The cord is extracted by means of punctures, in the postero-superior part of the pelvis; This process requires only the 20% in most cases and specific patients who need this type of donation.
- Peripheral blood: so that blood cells can be easily accessed, 4 or 5 subcutaneous injections of growth factor agents should be administered first, that help move these stem cells from the marrow into the blood.
How important it is to donate bone marrow
The importance of making the decision to be a bone marrow donor, with prior registration in the Bone Marrow Donor Registry, also known as REDMO, It is acquired when you know that only 20% or 30% of people who need a bone marrow transplant, a compatible donor is found to give them hope of a cure.
This same reason must be known to all pregnant women, so that they are encouraged to donate their children’s umbilical cord blood at the time of delivery, maximizing when curation selections are open to patients who have not found a compatible bone marrow donor.
- There is a strict degree of confidentiality, In no case may data or information be distinguished as a donor or recipient.
- This process is completely free, whatever the case, no compensation can be received for the transfer or donation, nor will any payment be required from the recipient.
- The extraction of hematopoietic parents can have a purpose, only therapeutic.
- The extraction of the mentioned parents, It can only be carried out in legally authorized centers, which are located in areas as close as possible to the residence donor, and that are in national territory.
What side effects the donor may experience
The side effect that you can have after puncture bone marrow operation, possibly it is a pain in the area where the puncture was performed; this pain goes away in less than 48 hours and can be controlled with common painkillers.
The puncture is performed in the operating room, but it presents the same risk as any operation involving short-term general anesthesia.
If the donation is made with peripheral blood, during the administration of growth factors, you may experience some flu-like symptoms, such as sore muscles and bones.
We hope that the information was as expected and requested; Meet all the requirements, follow the steps correctly and save a life.
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