Requisitos para donar sangre en Chile
There is a constant need for us, as human beings, to join in the beautiful work of giving life to our fellow men through our donations.
Since millions of people worldwide need and can only find it with each of our contributions, blood is important and vital for humans. With it, life is produced.
Despite scientific advances, it was not possible to find a way to generate blood, except through donations from volunteers who want to save the lives of many.
Requirements for donating blood in Chile
The requirements you must meet to be a donor are as follows:
- Have an identity document with your name and RUN
- Be between 18 and 65 years old
- Having slept at least 5 hours later
- Weigh more than 50 kg
- Ate during the last 5 hours (breakfast or lunch)
- If you donated, wait at least 3 months if you are a man. If you are a woman, you must wait at least 4 months before you can donate again.
Steps to donate blood in Chile
To become one of the country’s blood bank donors, you must first follow these steps.
- Go to the nearest blood donation center in your state.
- Ask to register for the volunteer list
- If you need any medical treatment, you should consult it at the donations center.
- If you have had any dental treatment in the last 7 days, you should consult it.
- If you suffer from a chronic illness, you must notify the institution responsible for your donation.
- If it has been operated on in the past few months, you must notify authorized personnel.
- If you are completely healthy, register at the institution authorized for this.
- Avoid smoking or drinking alcoholic beverages at the time of donation
Before donating blood
Donation is a simple process, which takes only about 20-30 minutes. Remember that with each donation you make, you can save 3 lives.
- The volunteer must have slept and rested well the night before.
- Donating blood on an empty stomach is not allowed.
- If you have low iron levels, you should eat vegetables and prepare foods rich in iron.
During blood donation
Your pulse, blood pressure and temperature are measured. and a blood sample is examined for anemia. A series of questions are asked about your health and the factors that can affect it, and about the countries you have visited.
After donating blood
As a preventive measure, it is necessary that the blood donor, after carrying out his work as a volunteer, takes into account the following:
- Wait at least 30 minutes at rest
- Consume enough liquid
- Do not smoke for two hours
- Do not consume alcoholic beverages
- Avoid work activities that involve risks
- Keep compression on the arm for at least 1 hour
- Do not do heavy physical exercises.
Where to go to donate blood in Chile?
In Santiago de Chile you will find many places where you can contribute with your donations, all donors must call ahead reserving their opening hours, several of them are at:
- Donor house of assistance emergency public hospital (Former Central Post) located in Portugal 125 located in Santiago from Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 7:00 pm; Saturday, Sunday and Holidays from 8:30 am to 7:00 pm
- Met Center. Blood located at Av. Vitacura 0115, Providencia from Monday to Friday from 8 am to 7 pm, Saturdays and Sundays from 9 am to 7 pm and holidays from 9 am.
- Hospital Sotero de Ríos Monday to Thursday, from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm, Friday from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm and Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm, located at Av concha y toro 3459 Puente Alto.
- Hospital Barros Profits Monday to Thursday, from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm, Saturday, Sunday and holidays, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm
- Padre Hurtado Hospital Monday to Thursday, from 8:30 am to 6:00 pm Friday, from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm, Saturdays, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm / from 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm Esperanza 2150 san ramón. located in the hope 2150, san ramón.
- San jose hospital Monday to Thursday from 8:30 am to 7:00 pm Friday from 8:30 am to 6:00 pm and Saturdays from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, located at Av. Zuñartu 1085 (emergency upstairs) totally independent.
- Carmen It serves the public from Monday to Friday, from Monday to Thursday, at the following times: 8 am to 5:30 pm, Friday 8 am to 4:30 pm, Saturdays from 10 am to 2:30 pm. It is located at Olympus 2314.
- Salvador hospital Monday to Friday from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Saturdays from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm Av. Salvador 364 provides.
Benefits of donating blood
On many occasions, people decide to donate blood to feel more fulfilled and to be able to help others. Although it is as simple as going to the nearest clinic, the majority of the population does not go, and among the reasons are the fear of needles or the simple fact that they never thought of donating blood.
But being a blood donor brings great benefit to humans, as it balances the iron levels in our body.
Iron is used by the body primarily as part of hemoglobin, which is the protein that transports oxygen to tissues, making up 70% of the iron in these proteins. Both the lack and the excess are harmful to the organism.
This, consequently, brings a class of benefits to the human body, among them:
Improves blood flow
We are surrounded by agents who have a damaging potential for our blood, like tobacco, radio frequencies, stress or sugar in our diet. They all cause hypercoagulation of our blood, otherwise it makes the blood thicker and more difficult to flow.
Otherwise, the blood gets thick and with slow circulation, this is what can increase the risk of blood clot or stroke.
Tell us about our health
Although it may not seem like it to us, donating blood serves as a small review. Our temperature and blood pressure, pulse or hemoglobin levels are monitored. In addition, it will be checked if we suffer from infectious diseases, such as HIV, hepatitis B and C or syphilis.
Extend our years of life
Although it has more social than scientific reasons, donating blood increases our life expectancy. People who volunteer for altruistic reasons, like helping others, tend to live longer than those who volunteer thinking about what they receive.
Those who donate blood for these reasons live an average of 4 more years. However, it depends on the context and personality of each one, donating every year is not easy, it requires that we be mentally prepared to help others.
Who cannot donate blood
The people who must abstain as blood donors are:
- If you are fasting: We know that for most tests, doctors recommend fasting, but when it comes to volunteering to donate blood, the opposite is necessary. The person who wishes to donate should have breakfast, thus reducing the risk of dizziness after extraction.
- If you weigh less than 50 kilos, you cannot be a donor, as the bags to store blood are 450 cc, the maximum amount that can be taken from a person with 50 kilos without harming health.
- If you have recently had tattoos and spent less than 4 months at any donation center, you will be allowed to volunteer for donations.
- If you are under medical treatment that includes antibiotics, you cannot be a donor, as antibiotics are used to fight certain infections
- If you have HIV, you cannot be a donor because your blood is contaminated.
- If you are pregnant and have just given birth or are breastfeeding, you should wait 6 months from delivery and also after breastfeeding.
How much blood is donated?
“We donate 450 cubic centimeters of blood, a little less than half a liter, which allows us to prepare three components: red blood cells, plasma and platelets. This does not weaken the person, as it is clinically proven the amount of blood that an average person between 65 and 70 kg in weight can donate. It will not affect you in any way ”,
In addition, to quickly recover hemoglobin and the iron we give you have to eat red meat like meat, livers, fish, also green vegetables (spinach, chard, etc.) and lentils during lunch.
The donated blood is minuscule in relation to the total volume that circulates in our body. In addition, as blood is something that is in constant production and renewal, the quantity extracted, about 450 cc, is recovered in a few days.
How many times can you donate blood
Men can donate up to 4 times a year and women 3, with a minimum interval of 2 months between donations. In apharesis donation the intervals are shorter.
In women, this case changes slightly, as women’s iron deposits decrease monthly with menstruation, so a man who donates four and a woman who donates three times a year will have lost a similar amount of iron a year.
Neither type of blood donation is at risk, but the donor’s health and well-being are essential for transfusion services. The needle and blood bag are sterilized and are not reusable. The instruments used during blood collection are also sterile and will never come into contact with other donors.
Become a blood donor
To donate blood, you must meet a number of requirements. Because not everyone can do it without first taking certain precautions between them.
- Being healthy
- Be between 18 and 65 years old
- Weigh more than 50 kilos
- Have normal blood pressure
- Not having suffered from certain infectious diseases such as hepatitis, HIV, malaria, etc.
- Not having cancer
- Do not take certain medications
- Do not take drugs
- Follow healthy lifestyle habits
- Not having a transplant
- Not having received a blood transfusion.
Do you pay to donate blood?
No institution or individual is allowed to make any kind of payment for blood donation, blood donation is a voluntary, altruistic and selfless act that aims to help any patient.
Receiving money for blood is punishable by law. Those who receive money for donations and those who pay for this act will be fined, which must be a voluntary act of all who wish to do so.
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