Requisitos para ser presidente de Estados Unidos: Todo lo que no te han contado
Anyone who want to be president can run as such, if it previously meets the requirements set out in the Constitution of the United States of America. Do you want to know more? Keep reading!
Requirements to be President of the United States
When you want to be a candidate for president, certain requirements must be met, which we will mention below:
- Be born in america.
- Have fulfilled the thirty-five (35) years deity.
- To be residing in the country at least for 14 years.
O Federal Election Commission you will receive candidate records. They will then need to authorize a representation and spend the funds on their behalf.
For citizen is considered eligible To run for President, you must meet the necessary requirements.
When talking about Article II of the Constitution, we refer to the fact that you are a natural citizen or born in the United States.
O Fourteenth Amendment refers to everything born citizen or naturalized in the United States, you are legally considered an American citizen.
According Twenty Second Amendment no candidate can be elected for two continuous terms.
As well as, indicates that if a person takes the chair as an interim, he will only be eligible for appointment again.
Nomination of candidates and campaign
All starts when two of the main political parties Americans start their campaign before primary elections, in which candidates are chosen through national nominating conventions.
So whoever is elected, He is the one who will represent the party and in turn will be the presidential candidate.
Most of the time the presidential candidate he chooses among the other candidates who will be the candidate for vice president.
As has been well seen on TV, These candidates tend to hold political debates, are almost always Republican and Democratic candidates and, on rare occasions, invite a third party.
So-called candidates, they start their election campaign throughout the country, holding electoral meetings.
This for expose and publicize your program, trying to persuade voters and in turn asking for subsidies for their campaign.
The candidates they usually do their campaigns in states where historically they have not had a clear majority, through media ads and constant visits.
Election and oath
At the Uses the president He is elected by indirect suffrage, that is, a series of representative voters called Electoral CollegeThey elect the president.
Each state has an average number of voters assigned, which is relatively perpendicular to the number of delegates from the same state in each Chamber of Congress.
Often in the states, where a candidacy wins with the largest share of electoral votes, has the power to vote in the electoral college.
It is determined who will be the president through the votes received at the electoral college, but not from those who had the highest number of votes in the country.
In reference to what was raised in the 20th amendment, the presidential term begins on January 20 at noon after the election year. That date in the United States is called Opening Day.
Before start his term, there must be an acquisition, as established in the constitution, for which it is requested as such.
This oath is usually taken with a bible, pronouncing «help me God», which translated means «with the help of God», although this oath is not mandatory.
Deadline and deadline
The presidential term in the United States is contemplated in a period of four (04) years, as well as the vice president.
In 1951, when the Twenty-Second Amendment was ratified, where prohibits a president from being re-elected more than oncez, and even more so when he served as interim president.
What is the electoral college
The President and Vice President of the United States is elected by the group of representatives that make up the electoral college.
Once the electoral college cast the vote in each state, chambers of congress are responsible for counting and verifying the final results.
We can then point out that the electoral college is an indirect type choice.
Explaining a little more, citizens do not directly elect the president or vice presidentWhen they vote, they elect the electors of the electoral college.
These voters, most of the time they already have their votes set.
Ordinary citizens elect people (voters), who will vote for the candidate, according to the promised vote.
These, in turn, has the right to a presidential vote and one for the vice president.
Presidential primary elections
Before the general election is held, all candidates go to the primary elections, which simplifies the selection of candidates from the main parties for general elections.
Primary elections are in charge of local governments and state.
- At a primary or open convention, voters choose who they prefer without any conditions.
- If it is a closed primary or caucus, For the political party, only voters who preferred the party at the time of registration to vote will be able to vote.
- Variations of the above It is called semi-open or semi-closed caucus, they are variations of those already mentioned.
Through national conventions, the nomination of a political party and candidates for president and vice president are certified.
For a candidate be nominated as a presidential candidate must win the vote of the majority of representatives in the primary elections of political parties.
So, through the votes of representatives in the national convention the choice of vote is reaffirmed.
When applicable, where there is no candidate who obtains the majority of the votes of the representatives during the primaries.
And then, when representatives choose the candidate to run and go again for additional elections.
And my vote in the elections
- Each citizen votes for the candidate of your preference.
- Each vote is counted by state.
- In many states, the candidate who receives more of votes, stays with the voters that were defined by that state as electoral representatives.
- I mean, that those who represent the Electoral College The political party with the electoral majority will vote.
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