Requisitos para votar en Guatemala: Toda la información que necesitas
Guatemala is one of the countries whose right to vote is a civic, but not mandatory, duty to review the Requirements for voting in Guatemala: all the information you need and be encouraged to be part of the choice of the authorities who will manage their nation’s assets and resources.
Requirements to vote in Guatemala
Guatemalan citizens, in order to comply with the right and duty to vote for their governmental authorities, must meet the following requirements and conditions:
- Being over 18
- To be registered on the electoral roll of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Guatemala, TSE.
- Bring the updated DPI or Personal Identification Document.
It is recommended that before the date of the elections, the location and table where the vote is to be confirmed.
Who cannot vote
Just as there are conditions that enable the right to vote, there are also those that disable or prohibit it, namely:
- Active members of the security forces, such as the National Army and the Police. These include those who hold positions in these areas for reasons of special commissions or military activities.
- People whose citizenship rights are suspended to exercise them. Or those who, due to legal justification, lost their citizenship.
In order for the TSE to comply with the exclusion from the electoral roll of those found in the previous provisions, each entity must send the respective list to the Citizen Register.
You must do this in advance before closing registration for the next electoral call.
Among the justifications or reasons for the suspension of citizens’ rights, under the terms of the law:
- Having been convicted in criminal proceedings with a final decision.
- When there is a judicial declaration of incapacity for civil acts or interdiction.
These rights will be recovered when:
- The time of the sentence according to the sentence imposed is accomplished.
- He benefited from forgiveness or amnesty. By the corresponding authority.
- In cases of interdiction, the judicial justification for rehabilitation.
Based on the Law on Elections and Political Parties, in article 16, political organization is understood to mean:
- All these political parties and the formation of their commissions responsible for their creation.
- Civic electoral councils or delegations
- Commissions for political purposes.
These political groups enjoy full freedom of organization, as long as their functioning respects the conditions established in that law.
This condition of freedom also welcomes citizens, who can join political organizations on their own accord and based on compliance with their statutes.
Political Parties in Guatemala
We also have that the aforementioned Electoral Law, in its article 18, provides that the party groups must comply with its legal constitution and be registered in the Citizen Register.
Once these steps are reached, Public law institutions can be declared, have legal personality, with unlimited duration. However, there may be situations established in the electoral law that modify the democratic character of the political regime.
For the existence and functioning of political parties, it is necessary to meet the following requirements:
- Have a number of members, in full freedom of their political rights and enrolled in the Citizens’ Register. The number must be equivalent to 0.30 of the total of the last electoral roll and 50% of them must be legalized.
- Its constitution must be by public deed.
- To have fulfilled all the requirements for the correct registration of the members who direct the permanent organs, keeping them legally constituted and functioning.
- Ensure the correct update of your registration in the Citizen’s Register.
It should be noted that being a member of more than one political party is prohibited, assuming their separation is voluntary and can be expressed or tacitly.
For the first, present the resignation before the Citizen Registry or the same political party.
The second form occurs when they start to register with another political party and it is the Citizen Registry that makes the change through an official letter.
Rights and obligations of political parties
According to article 19 of the said Electoral Law, political parties enjoy rights and fulfill obligations, which are:
- The appointment of candidates popularly elected to hold public office.
- To carry out the inspection, through the appointed attorneys, under the terms of the law, of all matters related to the electoral process.
- The appointment of its own national prosecutors. Fulfill your accreditation before the TSE and generate the right to attend the sessions of the electoral body. In addition, they must supervise national electoral and electoral commissions during the electoral process. This appointment must be made within eight days after the date when an election is called.
- Upon learning of any abnormality, the respective complaints must be made to the TSE or Electoral Inspection. Follow-up to demand due investigation of the violation of the rules and principles and values of electoral laws and their political actors.
Use privileged public post offices, after identifying the party holders responsible for using this franchise. They can make use of this right from the day after the official call for the electoral elections and up to thirty days after the end of the electoral event. It has a national scope to support the supervision of the entire electoral process. If the State does not directly provide the postal service, it must reimburse the financial resources that the political parties have used for this purpose.
- Free use of municipal facilities, as well as other rooms or municipal facilities that have conditions for holding quarterly meetings or meetings.
- Make your electoral propaganda through the use of posts located on public roads, as well as other goods of common use, as long as they are not incompatible with the electoral purpose.
- Keep the certified copies of the minutes of the meetings held up to date before the Citizen Registry. Complying with the maximum period of fifteen days, counted from the date of the event.
- Update any changes to its statutes, constitution and its permanent bodies before the Citizen Registry. Within a limited period of a maximum of fifteen days after the modification occurs.
Have a record of the affiliation of its associates in the appropriate forms for this purpose, prepared by the same party and approved by the Citizen’s Register, to which you must deliver a copy of them for analysis. The membership sheets that the registry released will be those that give official status to members of political parties.
- Carry out, in accordance with the law, activities associated with ideological formation, proselytism, fundraising and participation in electoral processes.
- To be motivating for citizens to participate in national politics. Suggesting candidacy for popular election positions for the female sector of its party members.
- Stimulate the knowledge, education and democratic civic education of its members.
- If they are assessed for analysis by the TSE or its bodies, they must hand over their books and documents that prove their judicial functioning.
- Promote the analysis and review of national problems;
- Cooperate with the inspection of electoral processes together with the respective authorities;
Do not accept financial assistance or special treatment from the State or associated institutions that are not expressly approved by law.
- Once officially registered as Political Parties, they must demand from the Citizen Registry, the authorization of the respective record book of the bodies that integrate it, by the Department of Political Organizations.
- Upon becoming aware of any abnormality, the respective complaints must be filed with the TSE or Electoral Inspection. Follow-up to demand due investigation of the violation of the rules and principles and values of electoral laws and their political actors.
- Pay attention to the laws in force for the transparent exercise of your functions.
Good luck with your next election!
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