Trámites y Requisitos para entrar a España
Latin American countries have a very strong cultural link with Spain, which makes many of its citizens want to visit the European country.
Requirements to enter Spain
The requirements for traveling to Spain for a maximum period of 90 days are very specific. First, the traveler must have a valid and valid passport or document.
Valid document means the passport issued in the last ten years, at most, and must not expire before three months from the date of departure from Spain.
Citizens of any EU country, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein only need a valid national identity document or passport.
The United Kingdom and Ireland do not belong to the Schengen area and their travelers need a passport to enter Spain. If the passenger is a minor, he must carry an identity document or passport, in addition to the parents’ permission.
The second requirement for traveling to Spain is to have a visa. Fortunately, most Latin American countries do not need this document.
Citizens of Mexico, Colombia, Chile or Argentina do not need to obtain a visa to travel to Spain. Only with the passport can they enter the European country for a maximum period of 90 days.
DDocuments to enter Spain
As soon as we arrive at the border, either at the airport, at the port or by road, we will have to go through police control, where we will show the passport and visa, if necessary.
In charge of the police they can ask us for more documentation to justify our stay. Without the trip we make to Spain being for tourism, the police can ask us:
- Proof of the establishment where we will stay or letter from the person who gives us his home or stays with us.
- Confirmation of the booking of an organized trip, with the respective itinerary.
- Return ticket or tourist circuit to be followed.
- You can also request specific financial requirements, which are 73.59 euros per person / day, with a minimum of 661.50 euros for the stay.
- If the trip to Spain is for commercial reasons, we will be required to invite a company or institution to participate in the meetings. Also documents that prove the business relationship. And, if we travel to Spain for the purpose of studying, it is an essential requirement to have enrollment at the center where we will develop the classes.
One more detail: as soon as we enter Spain legally, as it is a country in the Schengen area, we can travel to other European countries without the need for more paperwork and for a period of 90 days. Thus, we can also visit Portugal, France, Italy or Germany, for example.
Spanish visa application
There are different types of visas to enter Spain, it depends on the purpose of your trip, whether it is transit, permanence, residence, work and studies.
This type of visa allows you to travel through an international transit area at a Spanish airport and also allows you to cross Spanish territory.
It allows an uninterrupted or successive stay for a period of one period or sum of periods whose total duration does not exceed three months per semester from the date of the first entry into the country.
This is issued to diplomatic agents, consular officials, delegated representatives of permanent missions of international or intergovernmental organizations based in Spain.
For this visa it is important to understand that it allows you to reside in Spain, as long as you do not have a job or professional activity.
This type of visa authorizes the person to reside and also to perform a work or professional activity on their own or as an employee.
It allows you to stay in Spain for courses, careers, postgraduate courses, training, etc.
Restrictions when entering Spain
The restrictions are subject to the type of Visa with which you are visiting Spain, for example, the restrictions of the Tourist Visa are that you cannot work, the Work Visa does not allow you to leave the country on some occasions, among others things.
How much does it cost to enter Spain?
Including tickets, depending on the time of year or the willingness to fly with a stopover, the price can vary between 600 and 1000 euros.
Hotel stays can vary between 30 and 50 Euros per night.
In addition to the Visa Payment, which will be proportional to 5 UT. It will also depend on the type of visa and the country.
Statement of Economic Value for Staying in the Country
In principle, for your support, it is assumed that during your stay in Spain you must carry a credited amount that should reach a value that represents 10% of the gross interprofessional minimum wage in euros (that is, about 73 euros per day).
Questions asked by the police when entering Spain
Some of the questions they will ask you at the Airport or Arrival Terminal may scare you, but you should breathe and remember that they are routine, you need not be nervous if you have done nothing wrong and all your papers are in order, anyway, here are some examples, so you can prepare yourself mentally:
What are you doing in Spain ?:
I always recommend bringing a planned travel itinerary, it can be just a printed sheet with the days and cities you plan to travel to.
Traveling alone ?:
Young women who travel alone are the most suspicious. Unfortunately, there is a long history of young people who come to stay to work and support their families of origin or are used as mules for drug trafficking.
How do I pay for the trip ?:
It is generally better to respond with my work. I saved, etc. I don’t think answers like: my boyfriend pays me, a friend’s uncle pays me, I won the lottery, etc. If you have a job in your home country, it is a good idea to bring something that proves it.
How much money do you have?:
It is best to show as much money as possible. Cash, traveler’s checks, credit card.
How much time left?:
This is easy, just show the return ticket. Remember that the maximum time spent as a tourist is 90 days.
Do you bring health insurance ?:
It is important to bring, show and now! If they don’t, it’s a problem, and let’s say there aren’t many excuses to justify it!
Where you will stay ?:
It is important if you are traveling on your own (without a travel agency) that you bring a defined itinerary
What happens if entry is denied?
Depending on the reason for the rejection, you will receive a penalty, in which you may be prohibited from entering for a certain period, or you may choose to voluntarily withdraw from entry into Spain, and you may return from where you left without apparent penalties.
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