Trámites y Requisitos para Exportar en Guatemala
Importing is a simple process, but it often has a variety of elements.
But do not worry!
Here we have all the requirements you need to be able to export your merchandise or any other good from Guatemala to the country you need, as quickly as possible and without any hassle.
In addition, we bring you the most popular articles. As well as the main exporting companies and more. Remember, always take notes!
Requirements to export in Guatemala
Get the exporter code:
To start being an exporter is to obtain the Exporter Code, this request is made electronically through the SEADEX WEB system.
Issue export documents
For each export that you want to perform, it is necessary to issue the respective export documents.
For exports there are different classes and will depend on the country of origin, country of destination and means of transport to be used.
Certificate of origin:
This document verifies that the products are original and native to Guatemala.
The CC (Chamber of Commerce) gives the birth certificate, which is not preferred.
Any import that is intended to be carried out must be accompanied by a commercial invoice, even if the goods are transferred «without commercial value».
Constantly, it must be presented in the original and with the number of copies required by the merchandise importer.
It is recommended that it be formulated in several languages, preferably in English and Spanish.
This will make entry procedures in countries where the dialect is different from Spanish enjoy a much greater speed than if it were only in one language, due to the language barrier.
This document is closely related to the invoice and, regularly, any point of import goes hand in hand or together. Like the invoice, it must be as accurate as possible.
This document allows any subject who participates in the import, whether in the purchase or sale of the goods, to be able to identify the goods and know what each box or package contains.
Therefore, this document must match the invoice in all points or descriptions that both give.
Issuance of non-fiscal requirements:
Products that have special characteristics or are of a certain class, require special licenses from certain institutions for their export.
Several licenses can be purchased at the VUPE offices, addressing the respective delegate.
Issuance of transport documents
Anyone who deserves or wants to import merchandise from Guatemala needs to manage the various appropriate transport documents with their import or transportation agency.
How to export products from Guatemala
The import procedure can be summarized in 5 (five) steps that are not at all complicated:
- People must be properly registered under the title of trader in the country in question (ie Guatemala). This can be done under the title of individual trader with a commercial patent; as well as it can be a commercial company with a commercial patent.
- The commercial establishment deserves to do the due diligence of the Unified Tax Registry (RTU). This must be done in the SAT or is called a public treasury.
- Manage the code of the exporting merchant in front of the Single Export Office (VUPE). Establishing the respective requirements, today the Electronic Export Approval System (SEADEX) was implemented. This was done to streamline and update the export process electronically.
- After registering as an exporter (of course, the unique export code is duly appropriate and certified). For each of the exports that are intended or deserve to be carried out, it is mandatory to comply with the proper export documents. You must also comply with the respective special documents.
- In special documents, it should be noted that there are a variety of documents that will depend on the country of origin, the country of destination and the transport that will be used. Sometimes it is necessary to fulfill different requirements and add special documents of a non-specific nature. tax. There are requirements such as health and safety requirements, among others.
There is an immense variety of exporting companies distributed throughout the territory of Guatemala.
We selected a small variety that stands out for its quality in the specific sector in which they operate.
Agricultural and Fisheries Sector
They are companies that are dedicated to the export of agricultural products such as fruits, vegetables, plants, flowers, fish, red meat from cattle and a wide variety of other foods. Among them are:
Flores Bohemia, SA
Alto Baso Mango. They are dedicated to the export of fruits such as mango and fresh lemon.
Globallied International SA
XEROX Business Services de Guatemala, SA
ANDExport manufacturing sector
Industrial importers dedicated to the shipment of furniture and human labor products, canned, bagged and drinks, ductile, makeup, among others, that modify their production.
Likewise, they must be able to maintain international quality requirements.
Sustainable Timber from Entre Ríos:
Products exported by Guatemala
The main products exported from Guatemala can be the following:
- Different articles of personal clothing.
- Consumable oils
- Alcoholic or natural drinks.
- Ductile and other manufacturers.
- Dried and frozen fruits.
- Manufactures focused on paper and cardboard
- Rubber or natural rubber
- Red meat.
- Vegetables and Vegetables.
- Pest control sprays.
In the table below, you can see the export prices of the main products exported by Guatemala:
On the other hand, there are costs that must be considered when making an export, the so-called “logistical costs”. These include:
Packaging has been synonymous with «packaging», practically, the cost of accommodating merchandise that will be exported in boxes or portable warehouses.
It contains the price of the cost of used workers and other packaging preparations.
Marked or labeled:
For fast and efficient cargo identification, they are marked with signs or marks. This is under their respective regulations to eliminate any risk of confusion. Otherwise, export or international shipping may be canceled.
the exporter must have available the mandatory documents to attend and be able to export. Some are documents of confirmation of origin, powers and authorizations, updated quality control reports, as well as others mentioned above.
Price that must be paid to take the goods to the place where they will be packed. Usually, it is from the place of origin of the goods, to where it will be packed.
In practice, they are costs to leave at a warehouse or warehouse, while the last preparations are made to import it to another country. It serves as a means of security for the goods while their final transport arrives for shipment.
Customs workers must be paid for the various declarative procedures that must be done at the customs of each country where the export will be made. These expenses are borne by the exporter.
Quite similar to wrapping and storage, because it is the payment that must be made for the space occupied by the goods, but in this case, for the occupation of space in the transport itself.
Handling at the port or airport:
These are the labor costs necessary to load, move and unload the goods that transporters do to deliver the goods.
On a trip, mainly international, the cargo must be insured. This insurance has a price and is paid by the exporter, if he wants his goods to have some guarantee in case something unexpected happens to him.
It is the exit from the customs territory of national or nationalized merchandise for its irreversible use and enjoyment abroad.
Temporary export with reimport in the same state:
Temporary export with reimportation in the same state, is the customs policy in which, with the interruption of the export duties and taxes, if applicable; only temporary exit from customs territory is permitted.
This is for national or nationalized goods. This with the main objective and with a planned and pre-established schedule. It is intended that they be reimported without having undergone any mutation abroad.
Temporary export for external processing:
Temporary export for outward processing is the customs policy that allows goods to leave the territory of Guatemala for a certain period.
This is for national or nationalized goods. To be modified abroad.
In that case, the export tax charges may be interrupted, to be reimported under the terms of the regulations for that purpose.
We hope the information was helpful to you and a pleasant read. Exporting has many elements, but besides being tedious, it is not at all complicated.
You can read other articles that can help you better understand the export process so that you get better on the subject, information and knowledge are never too much!
If you liked this article about Export requirements in Guatemala We recommend the following related articles: